Dental extraction is the removal of a tooth from the mouth. Extractions are performed for a wide variety of reasons, including tooth decay that has destroyed enough tooth structure to render the tooth non-restorable.
A natural occurrence that happens following extractions is the resorption of the bone surrounding the teeth. The bone is called alveolar “ridge” bone (jawbone), and exists solely to support teeth. Once the tooth is extracted, the alveolar bone resorbs away along with the surrounding gum tissue. When a tooth or teeth are extracted, socket site preservation is recommended to preserve as much of the underlying jawbone as possible of any future restorations. This is accomplished through non-traumatic extraction followed by the addition of a bone replacement material in the extraction socket.
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